It was marked earlier that the musical instrument played by Turks in the Central Asia was called Iklig (Oklug). After Islam was adopted by the Turks, the Turkish language was influenced, from a religious and poetic viewpoint, by the impact of the Arab and Persian Cultures and ultimately, the word Iklig replaced by on Arabic word "Rebab", a Persian word "Keman" and "Kemence".
The word Keman was introduced by the Persians and produced from a verb "Hemiden" that means to "bend". Kemence means a "Small Keman-Small Violin" in Persian. It is the developed form of Iklig.
Kemence which was practiced by the Turks who have settled from the North down to the River Danube and Balkans, has also become quite popular in countries such as Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Yugoslavia, Romania, Poland and Hungary.
Documents with us prove that Keman (Violin) is the developed form of Kemence which was popular enough in Europe in the 15. Century. Further, LAVIGNAC points that violin descends from the Turkish Kemence-i Guz (Oguz Kemencesi) Page: 156. Kemence took even other names in the recent years. Kemence was used in the performances of Tavsanca Kocekce and group concerts (Fasils). It was called Fasil Kemence and Armudi Kemence since its body looked like a half pear shape. The body of the classical Kemence is made of walnut, malburry, plum, juniper, rosewood, balsam-trees and the front table is made of a cypress tree. It has a short handle, longish pegs and three strings on it. The strings are catgut and steel wound. It is tuned to the Turkish music form RE-SOL-RE (LA-RE-LA in the western music).